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A subdomain is an extension to the main domain of a website and can be useful for implementing multinational or multilingual versions of a site. Search engines treat subdomains as independent from the main domain, so it is important to understand best practices for optimisation. Our Hangout Notes cover these best practices, together with real world examples and advice from Google.

Subdomains Should Include Separate Robots.txt

Robots.txt is per hostname and protocol. If a page contains content from a different subdomain or domain, Google would respect the robots.txt for the main domain for the primary content. For the embedded content, Google would look at the robots.txt for the domain or subdomain that it is from and respect that.

13 Dec 2019

You Can Publish Different Language Variations of Content Without Using Subdomains or Subdirectories

Content in different language variations should be on different URLs, but it doesn’t necessarily need to be put on subdirectories or subdomains. For example, this could be achieved with different parameters.

18 Oct 2019

Having Separate Sections of a Site on Subdirectories Can Make Expansion Easier

If you are planning on expanding your site and adding additional sections to the site like a blog or eCommerce section, it can be easier from a maintenance perspective to have these on subdirectories.

23 Jul 2019

The Site Diversity Update Won’t Affect How Subdomains Are Crawled

The new change that was launched to show more diversity of sites in the search results won’t impact the way subdomains are currently crawled and processed, it will only impact how they are shown in the search results.

11 Jun 2019

International Websites on Separate Subdomains Will Not Be Penalized for Duplicate Content

Google will not penalize international websites that exist on separate subdomains if they have duplicate content. Instead, it will recognise the pages are identical and in most cases index both, but will only pick one URL to show in search results.

17 May 2019

Putting Resources on a Separate Subdomain May Not Optimize Crawl Budget

Google can still recognise if subdomains are part of the same server and will therefore distribute crawl budget for the server as a whole as it is still having to process all of the requests. However, putting static resources on a CDN will balance crawling across the two sources independently.

3 May 2019

Submit Reconsideration Requests Separately For Different Subdomains

Submit reconsideration requests separately if manual actions have been received for different subdomains, and make sure the disavow files are updated for each one.

5 Oct 2018

Avoid Having Domains Additionally Accessible as CDN Subdomains

If the same content exists on a main domain and as a subdomain of a CDN, it can be indexed separately. This also means Google will have to crawl more to see the same amount of content. Use redirects, canonical tags, internal linking and sitemaps to set a preferred version.

21 Aug 2018

Country-Specific Content Requires Different Domains, Subdomains or Subdirectories

For country targeting, Google requires a clear distinction between country-specific content by using separate domains, subdomains or subdirectories.

15 Jun 2018

External Link Signals Are Only Passed Between Domains & Subdomains via Internal Linking

Signals from your external links can be passed via internal linking between a domain and its subdomains. These signals aren’t shared automatically to the main domain if someone links to your sub-domain, for example.

29 May 2018

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